Emerging Writers – Stet Magazine http://stetmagazine.com/ Wed, 01 Sep 2021 09:57:18 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://stetmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default1-150x150.png Emerging Writers – Stet Magazine http://stetmagazine.com/ 32 32 Is America Ready to Embrace Cultural Pluralism? https://stetmagazine.com/is-america-ready-to-embrace-cultural-pluralism/ https://stetmagazine.com/is-america-ready-to-embrace-cultural-pluralism/#respond Wed, 01 Sep 2021 07:01:18 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/is-america-ready-to-embrace-cultural-pluralism/ by Michael C. Steiner | September 1, 2021 More than a century after Jewish American philosopher Horace Kallen developed the concept of cultural pluralism in 1915, it has never been more important. Simply put, cultural pluralism is the idea that diversity is the real genius of American culture. Or as Ralph Ellison put it in […]]]>

More than a century after Jewish American philosopher Horace Kallen developed the concept of cultural pluralism in 1915, it has never been more important. Simply put, cultural pluralism is the idea that diversity is the real genius of American culture. Or as Ralph Ellison put it in 1961, “I believe in diversity, and I think America’s real death will be when everyone is the same.” The concept is rooted in the belief that America is at its best when it welcomes immigrants and enables them to cultivate their distinctive social worlds and create a living mosaic of interacting parts. Cultural pluralism views American culture as an ever-changing process rather than a fixed product and America as an ever-emerging nation whose polyglot nature has always been its greatest strength.

Cultural pluralism materialized as a forceful response to the white racism and rabid xenophobia that erupted in the years surrounding WWI. Understanding how a group of men and women faced such bigotry and persecution over a century ago can provide a map for reflection and practice as we struggle to respond to these same forces in the world. here.

A wide range of intellectuals and activists have developed versions of cultural pluralism with Kallen, including social worker and activist Jane Addams, philosophers William James, Josiah Royce and John Dewey, radical journalists Randolph Bourne and Max Eastman, the Norwegian American novelist Ole Rolvaag, Jewish intellectuals Judah Magnes and Jesse Sampter, and black writers WEB Du Bois and Alain Locke. Their view contrasted sharply with the demands of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson that immigrants and minorities fit into a uniform American mold or merge into an annihilating crucible, as popularized by British Jewish playwright Israel Zangwill in 1908. , The crucible.

Seven years after Zangwill’s play appeared, Kallen coined the term “cultural pluralism” in an essay called “Democracy Against the Crucible”. Born in 1882 in the German province of Silesia, Kallen immigrated with his family to Boston in 1887. He grew up in a poor household, the eldest of a large family overseen by a bossy father and an expectant Orthodox rabbi. what he follows. in his footsteps. He rebelled and went to Harvard, where he became a privileged student of the philosophers William James and Josiah Royce, whose respective visions of a “pluralist universe” and of a “wise provincialism” deeply marked the young scholar. Kallen has had a long and eventful life. From his first teaching post at Princeton, where he was fired in 1905 for discussing Judaism and atheism in the classroom, to his distinguished tenure as a founding member of the New School for Social Research in New York between 1919 and 1974, Kallen was a talented and influential multi-person.

Horace Kallen circa 1908 (Image courtesy of the author)

The most productive stretch of Kallen’s career occurred during the years he lived and taught at the University of Wisconsin at Madison from 1911 to 1918. This was his first exposure to life in the West. ‘Hudson, and his experiences of living and traveling through the young, The cultural diversity of the Midwest was essential to the birth of his central idea. His exposure to vibrant immigrant communities in Chicago and other Midwestern cities as well as his encounters with ethnic enclaves across the rural Wisconsin landscape provided living examples of pushing back the concept of a militant and unifying melting pot. He was an endearing young man, and personal interactions with a range of Midwestern intellectuals as diverse as novelist Theodore Dreiser, Norse racist Edward A. Ross, and progressive statesman Robert La Follette added significance. texture to his nascent idea. This multitude of Midwestern experiences, combined with the approach of war and anti-immigrant hysteria, precipitated Kallen’s 1915 vision of a polyglot America as a vast symphony orchestra, as “a multiplicity in the world. ‘unity, an orchestration of humanity’, an ideal that stood as a peaceful alternative to the toxic nationalism that had engulfed Europe and threatened the United States.

Similar images had been used long before, especially by social worker and activist Jane Addams who, based on her work at Hull House in Chicago, portrayed the nation as a great choir of many voices and promoted “cosmopolitan neighborhoods.” “As breeding grounds for diversity, as in 1892. Indeed, the hope of truly” making our country successful “, as the philosopher Richard Rorty wrote in 1999, and of achieving a society where” individual life will become incredibly diverse and incredibly free social life ”was expressed in various forms. through much of the 19th century. A deeply rooted belief that America’s true genius lay in its capacity for infinite diversity had, for example, been expressed in Frederick Douglass’ 1869 speech, “Our Composite Nationality,” where he envisioned the United States as ” a country of all extremes “whose” races range from black to white, with intermediate nuances that no man can count. ” This prophecy, also projected by Emerson, Melville and Whitman, presented America’s mixed and pious character as its greatest strength and highest achievement.

In 1919, President Wilson proclaimed that “any man who wears a hyphen carries a dagger that he is ready to plunge into the stained glass windows of this Republic”.

Several generations later, Kallen’s vision of a multifaceted America struck a chord and sparked widespread debate. Less than a year after Kallen’s landmark essay, his close friend, radical journalist Randolph Bourne, projected a picture of the United States as “transnational America” ​​and “a cosmopolitan federation of national cultures, including the spur of devastating competition has been removed. . “With the nation’s entry into the war at the end of 1917 and in response to demands for absolute loyalty and persecution from those who refused to kneel and kiss the flag, a growing number of pluralists joined Kallen and Bourne to extol diversity and denounce the threat of unwavering obedience to the state.

This enraged nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiment persisted after the end of the war; in 1919, President Wilson proclaimed that “every man who wears a hyphen carries a dagger that he is ready to plunge into the stained glass windows of this Republic”. In contrast, the philosopher John Dewey wrote in 1916 that “the authentic American, the typical American, is himself a character composed of a hyphen”. Meanwhile, Norwegian-American novelist Ole Rolvaag believed immigrants and their children needed multiple roots to thrive in a new country, warning in the early 1920s that due to the “much-loved melting pot … the America is doomed to become the most spiritually impoverished land on the face of the earth.

Kallen was at the heart of this pluralistic conversation, but it’s important to recognize that his original theory was fraught with flaws, the darkest being his narrow frame of reference. Although radical for his time, Kallen’s early focus on European-based ethnic groups to the detriment of non-white African and Asian groups was a serious myopia shared by many of his otherwise far-sighted contemporaries. As historian Mike Wallace put it succinctly in 2017, “Kallen’s cultural pluralism… stopped at the color line”. Wallace’s statement underscores the criticism of fellow historian John Higham that “the pluralist thesis from the start was encapsulated in white ethnocentrism.” But in the 1950s, his theory would evolve far beyond white ethnocentrism and the color line, thanks to Kallen’s interracial friendship with fellow philosopher and Harlem Renaissance founder Alain Locke, who deserves credit. as a co-creator of cultural pluralism.

Is America ready to think of itself as an orchestra?  |  Zocalo Public Square • Arizona State University • Smithsonian

Alain Locke circa 1908 (Image courtesy of the author)

In 1906, Locke, 20, was a student in a class at Harvard taught by Kallen, 24. They exchanged ideas on cultural identity and diversity, and in the process, as Kallen recalled, “the formulas, the phrases developed—“ cultural pluralism ”,“ the right to be different. “” A year later, their paths crossed again in Oxford. , where Locke was the first Black Rhodes Scholar and Kallen was doing post-doctoral research. In England, their friendship and cultural pride deepened as Kallen became increasingly aware of anti-Semitism and Locke suffered a double prejudice for being both gay and black.

From the start of their relationship, Locke would surpass his mentor in the breadth of his view of diversity. As early as 1908, Locke gave a far-sighted speech at the Cosmopolitan Club in Oxford, praising, in his words, “a divided nationalism within a political nation, an ideal difference within a geographic unity, and a cosmopolitanism within a political nation. a nation “. In 1911 he published several papers espousing the cross-fertilization of a panoply of crops, including black and white, a perspective far broader than Kallen’s.

Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Locke pushed his friend to broaden his view of cultural pluralism and include African Americans and other non-European groups in his theory. Kallen’s attention shifted after World War I to other concerns, one of which was fighting for broader civil liberties and awakening the public to the rise of fascism. But with the spread of a new war and racial atrocities across Europe and Asia in the early 1940s, Kallen finally heeded Locke’s advice, broadening his view of pluralism and finally publicly acknowledging the role. original from his colleague as co-creator of the concept. Deeply influenced by Locke, who died in 1954, Kallen’s racial awakening continued to encompass an ever-expanding universe of humanity until his own death in 1974.

The alarmism, hate speech and demands for 100% Americanism that Kallen, Locke and others witnessed over a century ago continue today in new forms. This authoritarian new era of border closures and denigration of people of color has made the pioneering work of Kallen and Locke increasingly relevant. For, in order to truly realize our nation as a perpetually unfinished and open project that offers hope to a dividing world, pluralists and the general public must forcefully reject the fear of any minority group. By following this path, we could finally begin, in the words of James Baldwin, to “end the racial nightmare, realize our country and change the history of the world.”

Barack Obama’s vision, expressed in 2020, of America as “the one great power in history made up of people from all corners of the planet, comprising all races, religions and cultural practices,” echoes persistent pluralistic hopes, as does his faith that we will succeed in this experience because “we come from everywhere, and we contain multitudes”.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/is-america-ready-to-embrace-cultural-pluralism/feed/ 0
US forces maintain high threat airlift https://stetmagazine.com/us-forces-maintain-high-threat-airlift/ https://stetmagazine.com/us-forces-maintain-high-threat-airlift/#respond Sat, 28 Aug 2021 07:10:00 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/us-forces-maintain-high-threat-airlift/ Smoke rises from a deadly explosion outside the airport in Kabul, Afghanistan on Thursday, August 26, 2021. Two suicide bombers and armed men targeted crowds massed near the airport in Kabul, at the end of a massive airlift that drew thousands of people seeking to flee the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. (AP Photo / Wali […]]]>


Smoke rises from a deadly explosion outside the airport in Kabul, Afghanistan on Thursday, August 26, 2021. Two suicide bombers and armed men targeted crowds massed near the airport in Kabul, at the end of a massive airlift that drew thousands of people seeking to flee the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. (AP Photo / Wali Sabawoon)


US forces working under heightened security and threats of another attack continued in the final days of the US-led evacuation of Afghanistan after a devastating suicide bombing, and US officials said they had killed a member of the extremist group that the United States holds responsible. for that.

A U.S. drone strike early Saturday in eastern Afghanistan killed a member of the country’s Islamic State affiliate, the U.S. Central Command said. President Joe Biden blamed the suicide bombing on Thursday on this spin-off extremist group which is an enemy of both the West and the Afghan Taliban and is known for its particularly deadly attacks.

The death toll in Thursday’s suicide bombing rose to 169 Afghans, a number that could rise as authorities examine fragmented remains and 13 U.S. military personnel.

U.S. Central Command said U.S. officials believe the activist killed in Saturday’s drone strike was involved in planning strikes against the United States in Kabul, and that there was no other known victims.

The US retaliation comes amid a constant stream of grim warnings from the White House and the Pentagon that there may be more extremist attacks targeting US forces ahead of President Joe Biden’s looming deadline on Tuesday to end airlift and withdraw US personnel.

The next few days “will be our most dangerous time yet” in the evacuation, said White House press secretary Jen Psaki hours before the United States issues a security alert for four from the airport gates.

Thursday’s attack marked one of the deadliest attacks the country has seen. The United States said it was the deadliest day for U.S. forces in Afghanistan since 2011.

As the call to prayer echoed across Kabul on Friday with the roar of departing planes, anxious crowds rushing to the airport in hopes of escaping Taliban rule emerged in greater numbers than ever, despite the scenes of victims lying against each other in the aftermath of the bombing. .

All over the world, newly arrived Afghan evacuees, many clinging babies and bare handles of personal belongings in plastic bags, descended from evacuation flights in the United States, Albania, Belgium and beyond . Afghan families in Kabul on Friday searched for loved ones among the bodies, placed along the sidewalk of a hospital for identification, of the bombing victims who died while arguing for a siege on US-run airlifts.

Afghans, American citizens and other foreigners were all well aware that the window closed to exit through the airlift.

Jamshad traveled to the airport on Friday with his wife and three young children. He held in his hands an invitation to a Western country he did not want to identify.

“After the explosion, I decided to give it a try. Because I’m afraid now that there will be more attacks, and I think now I have to leave, ”said Jamshad, who like many Afghans only uses one name.

The Pentagon said on Friday that there was only one suicide bomber – at the airport gate – and not two, as US officials initially said. A US official said the bomber was carrying a heavier-than-usual load of about 25 pounds of explosives, loaded with shrapnel.

The US official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss preliminary assessments of the attack. Officials who gave the Afghan death toll also spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to speak to the media.

The Afghan victims ranged from a young hardworking journalist to an impoverished father, driven to the airport by the hope for a better life.

The American dead were 11 Marines, one Navy sailor and one Army soldier. Many were young children when US forces first entered Afghanistan in 2001.

A, Marine Lance Cpl. Kareem Mae’lee Grant Nikoui, sent a video to a family friend in the United States hours before his assassination, showing himself smiling and greeting Afghan children.

“Do you want to make a video together, buddy?” Nikoui asked the young boy, leaning over to be in the picture with him. “Alright, we’re heroes now, man.”

British officials said two of the country’s citizens and the child of another Briton were among those killed.

The morning after the attack, the Taliban used a van full of fighters and three captured Humvees to set up a barrier 500 yards from the airport, holding the crowds further away from US troops than before.

US military officials said some doors were closed and other security measures had been put in place. They said there were tighter restrictions at Taliban checkpoints and fewer people around the gates.

U.S. officials said evacuees with the correct credentials were still allowed through the gates. Inside, around 5,400 evacuees were awaiting flights.

US commanders had briefed Biden on Friday that plans were made to retaliate against Islamic State and fulfill the president’s vow to attackers to “hunt you down and get paid.”

Biden said the United States’ efforts to evacuate Americans, Afghan allies and others most threatened by the Taliban was a “dignified mission.”

“And we will complete the mission,” he said.

The Taliban regained control of Afghanistan two decades after they were ousted in a US-led invasion following the 9/11 attacks. Their return to power terrified many Afghans, who rushed to flee the country before the US withdrawal.

More than 100,000 people have been safely evacuated via Kabul airport, according to the United States, but thousands more are struggling to leave.

The White House said on Friday afternoon that U.S. military planes had carried 2,100 evacuees in the past 24 hours. Another 2,100 people left on other coalition flights.

That number was only a fraction of the 12,700 people carried by US military planes during a brief period when the airlift reached its maximum capacity.

France halted its own evacuation efforts and relied on a temporary French embassy at the airport, leaving Afghanistan ruled by the Taliban. The allies of the United States and others have ended or are ending their airlifts, in part to give the United States time to complete its own operations.

The Taliban have said they will allow Afghans to leave via commercial flights after the US withdrawal, but it is unclear which airlines will return to an airport controlled by the militants.


Gannon reported from Islamabad and Anna from Nairobi, Kenya. Darlene Superville in Washington and Rahim Faiez in Turkey and Elaine Ganley in Paris contributed with other Associated Press editors around the world.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/us-forces-maintain-high-threat-airlift/feed/ 0
The 5 most influential Islanders players for 2021-2022 https://stetmagazine.com/the-5-most-influential-islanders-players-for-2021-2022/ https://stetmagazine.com/the-5-most-influential-islanders-players-for-2021-2022/#respond Wed, 25 Aug 2021 13:15:00 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/the-5-most-influential-islanders-players-for-2021-2022/

The New York Islanders have one of the most comprehensive rosters in the NHL and hope to build on the success of last season, when the team reached the Stanley Cup semi-finals and hopefully. the, winning his first cup since the 1982-83 NHL season. As the 2021-22 NHL season approaches, the Islanders have plenty of players who are necessary for the team’s success. Plus, with back-to-back semifinal appearances, the future looks bright as a handful of players have proven at the front office that they can build a Stanley Cup team around them.

5. Brock Nelson

Brock Nelson established himself as one of the Islanders’ top scorers and gave the attacking unit a solid change later as he leads a line alongside forwards like Josh Bailey, Anthony Beauvillier or Oliver Wahlström. Last season, Nelson scored 18 goals for the team and distributed 15 assists with excellent offensive zone instinct and efficiently carrying the puck through the neutral zone to start the offense.

Brock Nelson - Islanders
Brock Nelson, New York Islanders (Amy Irvin / The Hockey Writers)

In the Stanley Cup playoffs, Nelson further cemented his status as the Islanders’ Most Valuable Player by scoring seven playoff goals, including three in the first round against the Pittsburgh Penguins and three against the Boston Bruins in the second round. Turning 30 in October, Nelson will remain a vital player for the Islanders that the front office will try to build as he leads scoring depth for the team and helps with line combinations on the front unit with his control. offensive.

4. Adam Pelech

Adam Pelech has arguably emerged as the Islanders’ best defenseman with his excellent overall play which has paid off this offseason as he secured an eight-year, $ 46 million contract, proving he is necessary for the success of the team. Pelech played in the top defensive duo, averaging 21:03 minutes of ice time per game last season. But throughout the season, he’s been one of the team’s most disciplined defenders and performed exceptionally in the neutral zone and the defensive zone, cutting corners of opposing skaters at the net and creating turnovers to put up the offensive.

Adam Pelech Islanders of New York
Adam Pelech has established himself as one of the Islanders’ best defensemen and arguably the team’s best defenseman. (Jess Starr / The Hockey Writers)

Pelech won’t provide a strong point presence on the offensive end of the ice, scoring just five regular season goals and 20 career points in the 2018-19 NHL season. On the contrary, the 27-year-old defenseman offers excellent discipline on the blue line and keeps the puck in the attacking zone as forwards develop chances to score near the net. With the eight-year contract, Pelech will be an important defenseman for the whole unit and will team up alongside any of the right-side defenders, whom the Islanders have more than enough talent to tackle the coming season.

3. Anders Lee

Ander Lee wasn’t one of the biggest contributors last season, missing the second half of the regular season and the entire Stanley Cup playoffs with a ripped ACL. Lee’s absence, however, only served as a reminder to everyone of his value to the team, as the Islanders lost their captain and leading scorer who scored 12 goals in 27 games during the regular season. 2020-21 in the NHL and has scored 20 or more goals in five seasons of his career.

Additionally, once the Islanders captain was put on the long-term injury list, the entire offensive unit struggled as the front row failed to find a goalscorer who could finish scoring. opportunities close to the goal. The back of the attacking unit also struggled, as head coach Barry Trotz constantly shuffled his attacking unit in the hopes of finding the right line combinations. For the coming season, the team will be hoping their 31-year-old captain can get back in shape and continue to provide a strong scoring presence for the front row.

2. Ryan Pulock

There is a legitimate debate about which defenseman for the Islanders is the best on the team. Is it Pelech or his partner Ryan Pulock? Last season, Pulock solidified his status as the team’s top defenseman, playing at an elite level in the neutral and defensive zone. He played particularly well near the net disrupting his opponents’ scoring chances and blocking 106 shots, the team’s second-tallest behind Scott Mayfield. The 28-year-old defenseman led the Islanders skaters with an average ice time of 22:27 per game and a defensive points share of 4.4 last season. Together with Pelech, they could form the best defensive duo in the NHL next season.

Ryan Pulock New York Islanders
Ryan Pulock is a key part of the Islanders roster as their top defenseman. (Jess Starr / The Hockey Writers)

In the Stanely Cup playoffs, the Islanders saw Pulock on a different level, leading the defensive unit and, often, leading the team to victory. Despite struggling on the point and on the attacking side of the ice, Pulock scored four playoff goals, most of them in defensemen, and knocked out some of the game’s top scorers on the defensive end of the ice. The highlight for the veteran Stanley Cup Playoffs defenseman undoubtedly came in Game 4 of the semi-final series against the Tampa Bay Lightning, when the 28-year-old defenseman calmly blocked the last-second shot in the empty net to save the game and secure the 3-2 victory.

1. Matthieu Barzal

Mathew Barzal continues to grow as one of the best young players in the NHL and has been the Islanders’ top offensive player. Last season, Barzal finished second for the team in regular season goals with 17 and assists with 28. But he led the roster with 45 points and was the points leader in the playoffs of the Stanley Cup with 14 as he led an attacking unit and a top line. .

Mathew Barzal New York Islanders
Mathew Barzal has become a staple of the New York Islanders frontline in recent years. (Jess Starr / The Hockey Writers)

Barzal has been most impressive for the Islanders when it comes to creating scoring opportunities as the 24-year-old forward is one of the league’s fastest skaters and draws defenders to him to open the ice rink for the remainder of the shift. Last season Barzal improved even further as he became one of the best forwards on the defensive end of the ice, playing in the middle of the defensive zone and allowing turnovers to become attacking opportunities. At 24, the front-row forward will be the centerpiece of the Islanders’ future success, as the team has a young scorer who keeps improving and makes all the change better with his playmaking abilities.

Honorable mentions: Semyon Varlamov & Ilya Sorokin

Islanders goaltender Semyon Varlamov was excellent in goal as a starter last season, posting .929 save percentage and 2.04 goals against average on 1,020 shots received. Likewise, Ilya Sorokin, 25, exceeded expectations in his debut NHL season to help give the team one of the best goaltending pairs in the NHL last season. While Varlamov was essential to the team’s success last season, as they wouldn’t have played in their second straight semi-final without him, at 33, it’s unclear how he fits into the future plans of team and if there is a necessary piece to build around.

Sorokin, meanwhile, will likely be the goaltender of the future for the Islanders. But after a season where he has split the time in the net and was unmistakably the substitute, starting just 22 games, the front office has yet to see whether the young goalkeeper can become the centerpiece to build on.

Overall, the Islanders’ roster is more than talented enough to make another Stanely Cup run, with many skaters critical to the team’s success next season. Whether it’s Jean-Gabriel Pageau as a center on the back row, adding scoring depth for the team, or Noah Dobson continuing to emerge as one of the Islanders’ best defensemen at just The 21-year-old team has the depth and talented players that are poised to step up this coming season.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/the-5-most-influential-islanders-players-for-2021-2022/feed/ 0
Intel Makes a Strong Statement on the Data Center Front with Sapphire Rapids https://stetmagazine.com/intel-makes-a-strong-statement-on-the-data-center-front-with-sapphire-rapids/ https://stetmagazine.com/intel-makes-a-strong-statement-on-the-data-center-front-with-sapphire-rapids/#respond Tue, 24 Aug 2021 13:42:33 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/intel-makes-a-strong-statement-on-the-data-center-front-with-sapphire-rapids/ Over the past two years, data center computing has been dominated on two fronts. Arm gaining a foothold in the cloud and AMD gaining a foothold everywhere. Yes, Intel still owns the vast majority of the data center, but it certainly doesn’t. This sentiment is partly due to AMD EPYC’s astonishing history and partly due […]]]>

Over the past two years, data center computing has been dominated on two fronts. Arm gaining a foothold in the cloud and AMD gaining a foothold everywhere. Yes, Intel still owns the vast majority of the data center, but it certainly doesn’t. This sentiment is partly due to AMD EPYC’s astonishing history and partly due to the lack of significant response from Intel. Of course, when AMD first reappeared in 2017, it was understandable that Intel was a little dismissive. But, after two successive generational launches that saw the company nibble the share of Intel’s data center. It was almost like 2005-2006 again, when AMD gained over 20% market share with Opteron.

With 2021, a lot of changes have taken place at Intel. Pat Gelsinger left VMware to return to the business as CEO, and we started to see green shoots as he got the business back on track. And I think what Intel showed in its recent Architecture Day and Hot Chips presentation shows that the company is getting back on track in the data center.

Intel always seemed to “understand”

Before going into some details regarding Intel’s Architecture Disclosure, it’s essential to point out something about Intel that can sometimes get lost. The company understands something very critical to its long term success. And there you have it: the applications that will run in our data centers tomorrow will be very different from those today. And the infrastructure required to run these applications and workloads must also be different.

Just as Intel supplanted the “big iron” in the data center decades ago, new architectures with different performance and power profiles are making their way into today’s data center. The company that wins in the next generation will have the wallet to support these emerging workloads – and the company that has the confidence of enterprise IT to support what comes next.

The efficient core

Intel introduced two new core architectures as part of its deployment: the efficient core (E-core) and the performance core (P-core). As the names suggest, the Efficient core design goals revolve around scalability and density, while the Performance Core targets workloads that require the best performance.

Although the Efficient core only seems to show up in the Intel client (Alder Lake) slides, I can see where this core might fit well with different deployment models such as large scale non-cloud environments and some edge instances. .

The efficiency gains that Intel demonstrates in its Efficient core are quite spectacular. Intel claims that the Efficient core can deliver 40% more performance than a single Skylake. And four efficient single-threaded cores can deliver the same performance as two Skylake cores with four threads – at 80% less power. I like how Intel describes its Efficient core – “built for throughput, enables scalable multithreaded performance for modern multitasking.”

Performance is more than CPI

Intel’s performance core reveal shows what the company thinks about the performance characteristics of the workloads that will power the future data center. Specifically, there will be requirements covering scalar, vector and spatial spaces. And that specific microarchitecture design considerations can enable this wide range of workloads.

Intel’s new Advanced Matrix Extensions (Intel AMX) are a critical component in enabling compute-intensive workloads such as machine learning by dramatically increasing the number of instructions per clock cycle per core. It is precisely this type of activation that demonstrates Intel’s understanding that top performance requires more than solid whole performance. Instead, it’s all about solid performance combined with a compute complex capable of supporting the unique demands of the increasingly important workloads in the data center.

With the Performance Core, Intel is making some bold claims about performance. The company claims a performance claim of 19% (out of the 11e Intel Core generation) at the same frequency.

Sapphire Rapids – the data center SoC

Sapphire Rapids is the code name for the processor that will follow Ice Lake in the Scalable Xeon roadmap. While we’ve established that Intel’s performance core will be a well-designed core part of Sapphire Rapids, there is much more to it.

As you can see in the graphic above, Sapphire Rapids includes four compute tiles interconnected through a high-speed interconnect. Each tile has a complete complex of computation (cores, acceleration motors), I / O and memory. This design should give Intel greater packaging flexibility and should support better performance and performance per watt in the data center.

One might look at the Sapphire Rapids complex and think it looks like other chiplet designs. And from a very high level, he does. What stands out about Intel is what it integrates into and around the complex to deliver optimal performance. For example, Sapphire Rapids will include two acceleration engines to offload common functions (data streaming and cryptography and data de / compression). These motors unload considerable compute overhead from the core, enabling faster performance and more balanced workloads. No application modification is required, no particular architecture.

Two other notable improvements in Sapphire Rapids relate to AI and container support. AMX (described previously) is expected to result in substantial performance improvements for AI workloads (with native support for major frameworks and libraries).

Intel claims up to 69% better container support improvement over Cascade Lake for Kubernetes support. The company attributes this to improved instructions, improved telemetry, and its use by Sapphire Rapids as throttle motors.

At the end of the proverbial day, I don’t think many IT pros will wonder if AMX delivers 8 times the performance of the AVX-512. Or if Sapphire Rapids (QAT) rapid assistive technology will allow a 98% reduction in core usage for cryptographic functions. But, he will notice three things if Sapphire Rapids lives up to Intel’s positioning:

  1. Better performance for data center workloads
  2. More consistent performance for those same workloads
  3. Support for a wider variety of workloads

Closing thoughts

Intel entered the data center as a disruptor. Starting off as a CPU relegated to light tasks like directory services and file / printing, the x86 architecture has apparently taken over the corporate data center overnight (who are the fans? of NetWare?). Cloudification of the data center has led IT architects to worry less about processor architectures and more about workload-friendly compute platforms. In the Age of Cloud Native and Runtime Environments – x86 v Arm v Something Else? It does not matter. What matters are performance, consistency of performance, horsepower, price and safety.

I’m writing this because Intel’s Architecture Day seems to indicate that it understands that it has to go back to innovative roots to win in this processor market. The basic designs have been revealed and Sapphire Rapids is expected to position Intel fairly competitively. I look forward to the next reveal, when we can learn more about speeds, flows, and time to market. Stay tuned.

Note: The editors and editors of Moor Insights & Strategy may have contributed to this article.

Moor Insights & Strategy, like all research and analysis companies, provides or has provided paid research, analysis, advice or advice to many high-tech companies in the industry including 8×8, Advanced Micro Devices, Amazon , Applied Micro, ARM, Aruba Réseaux, AT&T, AWS, A-10 Strategies, Bitfusion, Blaize, Box, Broadcom, Calix, Cisco Systems, Clear Software, Cloudera, Clumio, Cognitive Systems, CompuCom, Dell, Dell EMC, Dell Technologies , Diablo Technologies, Digital Optics, Dreamchain, Echelon, Ericsson, Extreme Networks, Flex, Foxconn, Frame (now VMware), Fujitsu, Gen Z Consortium, Glue Networks, GlobalFoundries, Google (Nest-Revolve), Google Cloud, HP Inc. , Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Honeywell, Huawei Technologies, IBM, Ion VR, Inseego, Infosys, Intel, Interdigital, Jabil Circuit, Konica Minolta, Lattice Semiconductor, Lenovo, Linux Foundation, MapBox, Marvell, Mavenir, Marseille Inc, Mayfair Equity, Meraki (Cisco), Mesophere , Microsoft, Mojo Networks, National Instruments, Net App, Nightwatch, NOKIA (Alcatel-Lucent), Nortek, Novumind, NVIDIA, Nuvia, ON Semiconductor, ONUG, OpenStack Foundation, Oracle, Poly, Panasas, Peraso, Pexip, Pixelworks, Plume Design, Poly, Portworx, Pure Storage, Qualcomm, Rackspace, Rambus, Rayvolt E-Bikes, Red Hat, Residio, Samsung Electronics, SAP, SAS, Scale Computing, Schneider Electric, Silver Peak, SONY, Springpath, Spirent, Splunk, Sprint , Stratus Technologies, Symantec, Synaptics, Synverse, Synopsys, Tanium, TE Connectivity, TensTorrent, Tobii Technology, T-Mobile, Twitter, Unity Technologies, UiPath, Verizon Communications, Vidyo, VMware, Wave Computing, Wellsmith, Xilinx, Zebra, Zededa and Zoho which can be cited in blogs and research.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/intel-makes-a-strong-statement-on-the-data-center-front-with-sapphire-rapids/feed/ 0
News from Afghanistan: 7 killed at Kabul airport; fighters seize Taliban areas https://stetmagazine.com/news-from-afghanistan-7-killed-at-kabul-airport-fighters-seize-taliban-areas/ https://stetmagazine.com/news-from-afghanistan-7-killed-at-kabul-airport-fighters-seize-taliban-areas/#respond Sun, 22 Aug 2021 19:03:09 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/news-from-afghanistan-7-killed-at-kabul-airport-fighters-seize-taliban-areas/ KABUL, Afghanistan – At least seven Afghans have died in a panicked crush of people trying to enter Kabul International Airport, the British military said on Sunday, as thousands still tried to flee the country in a chaotic exodus a week after the Taliban takeover. The Taliban have mobilized to confront the first movements of […]]]>
KABUL, Afghanistan – At least seven Afghans have died in a panicked crush of people trying to enter Kabul International Airport, the British military said on Sunday, as thousands still tried to flee the country in a chaotic exodus a week after the Taliban takeover.

The Taliban have mobilized to confront the first movements of armed resistance since the capture of almost all of Afghanistan in a few days earlier this month. Anti-Taliban fighters claimed to have captured three mountainous districts, and a prominent militia commander in the only province that was not yet under Taliban control pledged to retaliate in the event of an attack.

The British army recognized at least seven dead at the airport on Sunday. Others may have been trampled, suffocated or suffered heart attacks as Taliban fighters fired in the air in an attempt to repel the crowds. The soldiers covered several corpses in white clothes. Other troops stood on concrete barriers, trying to calm the crowd.

WATCH: Marines shoot baby at barbed wire wall at Kabul airport amid chaotic evacuations

Kabul Airport, now one of the only routes outside the country, has seen days of chaos since the Taliban entered the capital on August 15. military cargo plane taking off, some of the seven killed on August 16.

The Taliban have promised amnesty to those who worked with the United States, NATO and the overthrown Afghan government, but many Afghans still fear revenge attacks. There have been reports in recent days that the Taliban was hunting down their former enemies. It is unclear whether the Taliban leadership will say one thing and do another, or whether the fighters are taking matters into their own hands.

Outside the airport on Saturday, Western troops in full riot gear attempted to control crowds large enough to be seen in satellite photos. They took away a few that were sweating and looking pale. With temperatures reaching 34 degrees Celsius (93 F), soldiers sprayed water from a hose on the gathered people and distributed bottled water.

“The situation at Kabul airport remains extremely difficult and unpredictable,” a NATO official said on condition of anonymity in accordance with regulations. The official was unable to confirm a precise number of victims.

The US Embassy, ​​which has moved to the military side of the airport, has asked US citizens and others not to come to the airport until they have received specific instructions.

US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan told CNN that 3,900 people had been airlifted out of Kabul on US military flights in the past 24 hours, up from 1,600 the day before. This is in addition to the approximately 3,900 people airlifted on non-US military flights in the past 24 hours. It remains well below the 5,000 to 9,000 that the military says it has the capacity to airlift on a daily basis.

Britain said it has airlifted more than 5,000 people, including 1,000 in the past 14 hours.

US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin activated the Civilian Reserve Air Fleet program, requesting 18 planes from US carriers to help transport Afghan refugees after their evacuation to other countries. The voluntary program, born in the wake of the Berlin Airlift, strengthens the army’s capabilities during crises.

President Joe Biden has promised to repatriate all Americans from Afghanistan and to evacuate the Afghans who contributed to the American war effort. US military helicopters were used to retrieve 169 Americans outside the airport. Tens of thousands of Americans and others are still hoping to fly away.

RELATED: What’s Going On In Afghanistan? The expert explains what you need to know

A potential attack on the airport by a local Islamic State affiliate also raised concerns. US military planes made corkscrew landings and other planes fired flares on takeoff, measures used to prevent missile attacks.

The Taliban attribute the chaotic evacuation to the US military, saying it is not necessary for the Afghans to fear them, even if their fighters shoot in the air and hit people with batons as they attempt to crowd control outside the airport.

“All of Afghanistan is secure, but the airport, which is run by the Americans, is in the grip of anarchy,” Amir Khan Motaqi, a senior Taliban official, said on Sunday. The United States “shouldn’t embarrass itself in front of the world and shouldn’t give our people this mentality that (the Taliban) is kind of an enemy.”

Speaking to an Iranian state television station on a video call on Saturday evening, Taliban spokesman Mohammad Naeem also blamed the deaths at the airport on the Americans.

“The Americans announced that ‘we would take you to America with us’, and people gathered at the airport in Kabul,” Naeem said. “If it was announced now in any country in the world, wouldn’t people go?”

WATCH: Biden says he saw no way to withdraw from Afghanistan without “chaos ensuing” in exclusive ABC interview

The Taliban have sought to project a more moderate image than when they last ruled the country, from 1996 until the US-led invasion following the September 11 attacks, perpetrated by al- Qaida while it was sheltered by the Taliban. During their former rule, women were largely confined to their homes, television and music were banned, and public executions took place – all in accordance with the harsh version of the Islamic regime of the Taliban.

This time, the Taliban are speaking with Afghan officials from previous governments about a political transition and saying they will restore peace and security after decades of war. Afghan officials familiar with the talks said the Taliban said they would not announce a government until after the August 31 deadline for the withdrawal of US troops.

But they are already facing resistance movements.

In Baghlan province, some 120 kilometers (75 miles) north of Kabul, fighters calling themselves the “Uprising of the People” claimed to have taken three districts of the Andarab Valley, nestled in the towering mountains of the ‘Hindu Kush.

Khair Mohammad Khairkhwa, the former provincial intelligence chief, and Abdul Ahmad Dadgar, another uprising leader, said Taliban fighters torched houses and kidnapped children. Two other officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, made similar allegations. The Taliban did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

In neighboring Panjshir province – the only one still to fall under Taliban control – a group of militia leaders and ousted government officials pledged to defend it against the Taliban, who released a video showing their fighters fighting back. directing towards the region.

The province is a stronghold of Northern Alliance fighters who joined with the United States to overthrow the Taliban in 2001, and Ahmad Massoud, the son of a famous Northern Alliance commander who was assassinated days before the September 11 attacks, appeared in videos from there.

But it seems unlikely that a few thousand guerrillas will soon succeed where the Afghan national security forces have failed despite 20 years of Western aid, assistance and training.

“If the Taliban warlords launch an assault, of course they will face fierce resistance from us,” Massoud said in an interview with the Al-Arabiya news network. But he also expressed his openness to dialogue with the Taliban.


Akhgar reported from Istanbul and Gambrell from Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Associated Press editors Joseph Krauss in Jerusalem, Robert Burns in Washington, Amir Vahdat in Tehran, Iran, and Lolita C. Baldor in Washington contributed.

Copyright © 2021 by The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/news-from-afghanistan-7-killed-at-kabul-airport-fighters-seize-taliban-areas/feed/ 0
Snohomish County Author Events and Poetry Readings https://stetmagazine.com/snohomish-county-author-events-and-poetry-readings/ https://stetmagazine.com/snohomish-county-author-events-and-poetry-readings/#respond Sun, 22 Aug 2021 08:30:00 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/snohomish-county-author-events-and-poetry-readings/ Write on the sound: Registration is now open for this year’s Write on the Sound. The writers’ conference, scheduled for October 1-3, will be held online again this year. The keynote speaker is Lisa See, the bestselling author of “Shanghai Girls”. See will speak on October 2 on “Building History: The Process and Research of […]]]>

Write on the sound: Registration is now open for this year’s Write on the Sound. The writers’ conference, scheduled for October 1-3, will be held online again this year. The keynote speaker is Lisa See, the bestselling author of “Shanghai Girls”. See will speak on October 2 on “Building History: The Process and Research of Writers”. Find a list of speaker presentations and biographies, as well as registration and fee information, at www.writeonthesound.com.

Paula Becker: The Neverending Bookshop presents a talk with the author of “A little book of personal care for those who cry” at 2 p.m. on September 11 via Zoom. Becker will mark the 20th anniversary of September 11. His book is a guide for those still mourning the deadliest terrorist attacks on US soil in US history. Becker is also the author of “A House on Stilts: Mothering in the Age of Opioid Addiction,” which was a finalist for the 2020 Washington State Book Award. Email theneverendingbookshop@gmail.com for the Zoom link . More information on www.theneverendingbookshop.com.

Omar El Akkad: Sno-Isle Libraries presents a conference with the author of “What a strange paradise” at 3 p.m. on September 15 via Zoom. Her first novel, “American War,” won the Pacific Northwest Booksellers’ Award, the Oregon Book Award for Fiction, and the Kobo Emerging Writer Prize. El Akkad’s follow-up novel is the story of two children who fight their way through a hostile world. This event is part of the Sno-Isle Open Book virtual series. A Zoom link will be emailed after registration. More information on www.sno-isle.org/openbook.

Lorraine Brown: The Neverending Bookshop presents a talk with the author of “The Parisian connection” at noon on September 25 via Zoom. In the book, Hannah and her boyfriend, Simon, are separated between two robberies on the way to Hannah’s sister’s wedding. At the airport, Hannah meets a man named Leo – who is everything Simon isn’t. Brown was a mentee for Penguin RandomHouse UK’s WriteNow 2018 program. This is the author’s first novel. “Email theneverendingbookshop@gmail.com to get the Zoom link. More information on www.theneverendingbookshop.com.


Nathalie Johnson: The author of Everett worked on his memoirs “An angel named Sadie” for 15 years. Johnson lost her newborn baby named Sadie when the new mother was just 19. Hers is a story of heartbreak – but it also tells the story of how a 3 month old with a faulty heart would inexorably change the author’s life forever. Send an email to nmjandddj_06@yahoo.com for more information.

Nicki Chen: The new novel by the author of Edmonds, “When in Vanuatu,” explores the world of expatriate life, especially for the spouses of those working abroad. Chen received his Masters of Fine Arts from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Also author of “Tiger Tail Soup,” Chen’s new book was born out of her experiences during the 20 years she lived with her husband and their three daughters in the Philippines and the South Pacific. More at nickichenwrites.com.

Steve K. Bertrand: The author of Mukilteo has released a new collection of poetry: “Old Neanderthals” is a collection of 1000 haikus on life in the Pacific Northwest. The award-winning poet, historian and photographer has published 26 collections of poetry, three history books and five children’s books. Bertrand is a running teacher and trainer at Cascade High School in Everett. More information on www.facebook.com/steve.bertrand.965.

Shannon Kennedy: Josie Malone is the pseudonym of Shannon Kennedy. The author of Granite Falls posted “Family skeletons ”, his third book in the “Baker City: Hearts and Haunts” series. She describes the series as paranormal military romances with a kick. A former army reservist, Kennedy teaches riding lessons at Horse County Farm and teaches locals in several districts. More information on www.josiemalone.com.

Carole G. Barton: Its goal is to help 1 million pupils who have difficulty reading. “The adventure of friendship” is the story of a mouse named Bruno who goes on an adventure to make a friend. The chapter book – illustrated by Andre V. Ordonez when he was 12 – is intended to teach struggling readers about friendship, problem solving, emotional intelligence, social skills, and speaking. Barton is a speech language pathologist at Sunnyside Elementary School in Marysville. This is the first book by author Snohomish. More information on www.stormpraise.com/carolegbarton.html.

Nova McBee: History is not made, it is calculated. Edmonds author’s first novel “Calculated” is the title track of the new YA label, Wise Wolf Books. Set in Shanghai and Seattle, McBee’s novel is a grainy, modern blend of “The Count of Monte Cristo” and “Mission Impossible”. It is about revenge and forgiveness, loss and identity, intelligence over brutality, and the triumph of law over force. More information on www.novamcbee.com.

Email event information for this calendar with the subject “Books” to features@heraldnet.com.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/snohomish-county-author-events-and-poetry-readings/feed/ 0
Small Joys of Real Life Review by Allee Richards – Millennium Tragedy Finds Joy Amid Catastrophe | Books https://stetmagazine.com/small-joys-of-real-life-review-by-allee-richards-millennium-tragedy-finds-joy-amid-catastrophe-books/ https://stetmagazine.com/small-joys-of-real-life-review-by-allee-richards-millennium-tragedy-finds-joy-amid-catastrophe-books/#respond Wed, 11 Aug 2021 02:10:00 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/small-joys-of-real-life-review-by-allee-richards-millennium-tragedy-finds-joy-amid-catastrophe-books/ Tthere is so much hope in Eva’s first encounters with Pat. Shy smiles and introductions, a grip in the back of the Uber on the way to its place. They save their first kiss for the moment they land in bed and have deep conversations afterwards. But a few weeks later, Eva was pregnant and […]]]>

Tthere is so much hope in Eva’s first encounters with Pat. Shy smiles and introductions, a grip in the back of the Uber on the way to its place. They save their first kiss for the moment they land in bed and have deep conversations afterwards.

But a few weeks later, Eva was pregnant and Pat died, never knowing she was carrying her child.

It’s the little shards of good in what could be described as a modern, millennial tragedy that make Allee Richards’ debut novel Small Joys of Real Life the poignant work it is.

Shortlisted for the Richell Prize for Emerging Writers and the Victorian Premier’s Prize for Unpublished Manuscript, the novel chronicles monthly events in Eva’s life (and by extension, that of her friends, Annie and Sarah) during her pregnancy. In between are some heartfelt conversations she’ll never have with her baby’s father: intimate revelations about how she felt supported following their one-night stand; a stay on what could have been; an indulgence in the fantasy that she could have prevented him from committing suicide.

It’s another tale based on the sense of millennial hopelessness and angst made famous by Sally Rooney (Normal People), Anna Hope (Wait), Dolly Alderton (Ghosts) and Frances Macken (You Have to Make Your Own Fun Around. Here), but with a quintessential Melburnian touch. Like the women in the aforementioned stories, Eva and her friends don’t have huge issues, they just struggle with the same kind of thinking that seems to be ingrained in the psyche of anyone born after 1983.

If Richards knows why this is the case, she doesn’t say it. We spend a lot of time peeling things inside Eva’s head, observing the well-built characters around her whose stories are told in an intimate way, but don’t distract from the main plot.

She writes in a neutral tone – never preaching – about bringing children into a world that fights climate change; on the gentrification of Melbourne’s once culturally diverse suburbs. There is an implicit, perhaps unconscious, resentment for the novel’s baby boomer couples; the effortless way in which they know each other’s needs, the fact that they own seaside holiday homes, complemented by thriving gardens bearing abundant fruit, the fact that they seem to be able to go on living while subsequent generations are constantly wavering.

Although intelligent and subtle in their assessment of modern life and dating, romantic relationships take a back seat to strong but imperfect female friendships. Richards skillfully navigates the intricacies of tightly knit groups: unspoken judgments; the push-pull we feel when our friends’ lives seem better or simpler than ours; annoyance of the opportunities to land in the towers. Perhaps the most commendable is its representation of female desire; historically under-represented in general, but fundamentally never represented in pregnant characters. Richards isn’t afraid of Eva’s questionable choices in the pursuit of sex, she doesn’t disinfect or glamourize the pregnancy (if anything, Eva seems to be experiencing all the symptoms you could possibly read in a book about. the pregnancy).

This may be a byproduct of Eva’s very palpable escape from loneliness, though Richards doesn’t make her a desperate victim. Instead, her story is one of underlying optimism, more evident when counting things she’d like to experience with her baby, like pram rides or making play dough. Simple moments, Eva calls them out, while lamenting that the space adults have to share such joys – because they’re not as great as career prospects or romantic relationships – is limited.

“We never talk about it,” she says, about things like a nice turn of phrase in the book she’s reading, the eggplant in the garden left on her doorstep by a new neighbor, the knocking. of her baby’s foot when she feels lonely.

Small Joys of Real Life is easy and enjoyable to read with surprising depth. There is unhappiness in this life, more than we may realize, but there are also promises and hope; not just in the new life that grows within us, but in our little moments of life, breathing joy even as we gaze at the barrel of certain and unforeseeable death.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/small-joys-of-real-life-review-by-allee-richards-millennium-tragedy-finds-joy-amid-catastrophe-books/feed/ 0
Tax singles and offer wedding lotteries https://stetmagazine.com/tax-singles-and-offer-wedding-lotteries/ https://stetmagazine.com/tax-singles-and-offer-wedding-lotteries/#respond Mon, 09 Aug 2021 13:09:58 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/tax-singles-and-offer-wedding-lotteries/ (The Conversation is an independent, nonprofit source of information, analysis, and commentary from academic experts.) (THE CONVERSATION) There is growing awareness – and concern – about falling birth rates in the United States and other countries around the world. Falling birth rates are generally seen as a sign of declining society, the diminishing power of […]]]>

(The Conversation is an independent, nonprofit source of information, analysis, and commentary from academic experts.)

(THE CONVERSATION) There is growing awareness – and concern – about falling birth rates in the United States and other countries around the world.

Falling birth rates are generally seen as a sign of declining society, the diminishing power of a nation, and the eclipse of marriage and family values. They are rarely placed in any historical context. But birth rates are cyclical and have gone up and down throughout history.

While some people may assume that the decision to have a child is personal or private, individuals and couples also respond to external forces. Economic, social and cultural factors strongly influence birth rates. As a historian who has studied the rise of singles in the 17th and 18th centuries, I know how governments and societies have traditionally responded to low marriage and birth rates with various persuasive techniques.

In the 1690s, England and France entered a 120-year period of continuous hot and cold warfare. The two nations were also superpowers who engaged in trade, established colonies, and waged wars on multiple continents.

Maintaining a healthy population was a major concern, seen as a crucial element in ensuring economic and military might. Thus, each country has put forward a number of natalist strategies to encourage marriage and births.

Marriage loses its luster

In the 17th century – a period when marriage and fertility were more closely linked than they are today – the English were primarily concerned about low marriage rates.

Demographic historians EA Wrigley and RS Schofield reconstructed the demographic trends of England from 1541 to 1871 to show how, thanks to a relatively late age at first marriage and high rates of people who never married, birth rates in England have fallen. From 1600 to 1750, the average English woman married at 26 and the average man at 28. This age at first marriage did not begin to decline until after 1750 with the advent of the industrial revolution.

Perhaps more importantly, between 13 and 27% of the English born between 1575 and 1700 never married. This rate was highest in the last decades of the 17th century.

Various factors explain the high percentage of people who never marry: war, colonization and epidemics, such as the plague. The literature of the Restoration of England also reveals a negative attitude towards marriage among elite men.

So when the English government passed the Marriage Duty Act in 1695 to raise money to fight the French, it simultaneously addressed income needs and fertility issues.

The Marriage Fee Tax levied duties on births, marriages and deaths. But it also prompted people to marry by taxing single people over 25 and widowers without children. Women were generally not taxed because the government assumed that men were largely responsible for the decline in marriage.

Push singles towards motherhood

Cultural pressure has also served to persuade or encourage women to marry.

The first literary and visual depictions of the “old maid” archetype, an ever disparaging portrayal of never-married women appeared alongside the tax on marriage rights.

A classic example is William Hogarth’s “Morning” print from his “Four Times of the Day” series. It features a censored, partnerless, unattractive woman who is considered past her prime.

Literary satirists have also suggested marriage lotteries to partner with unwanted singles. A 1710 proposal for “The Love Lottery: Or, a Woman the Prize” responded directly to the tax on marriage rights. The author proclaimed that instead of taxing weddings “they should have offered to help them make matches”. He suggested a lottery in which “maids and widows” could venture at 10 shillings and the prize would be a husband or a dowry.

This proposal was one of many that arose between the 1690s and 1730s. For example, in 1734, “A Bill for a Charitable Lottery for the Relief of the Distressed Virgins in Great Britain” stated that “for the necessary encouragement of the spread, to which we must pay particular attention to the prospect of impending war, that all virgins in Britain between the ages of 15 and 40 should be wiped out [gotten rid of] by lottery.

Although presented as forward-looking legislation, the bill only appeared in print.

Saving babies for France

France differs from England by focusing more directly on increasing births. Although French writers considered various reasons for what they saw as low birth rates, high infant mortality was seen as a major problem.

In the 1750s, the Parisian midwife, Madame du Coudray, capitalized on the pronatal position of the French government and offered her services to Louis XV to train the country’s midwives to improve the rate of live births in France.

Du Coudray, herself single and biologically childless, reproduced something else for France: what she called her machine – and what one might call a dummy – on which midwives could practice different techniques used during difficult or dangerous deliveries. Historian Nina Gelbart estimates that du Coudray and his followers have trained tens of thousands of midwives in successful birthing techniques.

Natalism today

Replace the 21st century United States and China with 18th century England and France and you will see the same kind of debate about birth rates in these two countries today.

In both countries, a resurgence of policies aimed at getting people to have more babies has already started. China ended its one-child policy in 2016. After a disappointing drop in birth rates, it recently started encouraging families with three children.

[You’re smart and curious about the world. So are The Conversation’s authors and editors. You can read us daily by subscribing to our newsletter.]

The United States is unlikely to see the equivalent of a national midwife like du Coudray – or, to use today’s parlance, a “reproductive czar.” But the US Congress is finally talking in earnest about increasing funding for child care. And from July 2021, the IRS began issuing monthly child tax credit checks to most parents in the United States.

Today’s policies are more of a carrot than a sticky approach pursued by England with its tax on marriage rights; instead of taxing singles to encourage marriage, the United States gives credit to existing parents.

We’re less likely to see single women blatantly ridiculed as contemporary singles for choosing not to have children – although, as I wrote, Americans still tend to stigmatize women who choose to have children. remain single and childless.

But if the past is any guide, the superpowers of the 21st century will continue to engage in natalist strategies, as marriage, family, and reproduction are still seen as the cornerstones of societal and political power.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article here: https://theconversation.com/taxing-bachelors-and-proposing-marriage-lotteries-how-superpowers-addressed-declining-birthrates-in-the-past-164214.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/tax-singles-and-offer-wedding-lotteries/feed/ 0
“We Lost Greenville”: Dixie Fire becomes third largest wildland fire in state history, decimates California Town https://stetmagazine.com/we-lost-greenville-dixie-fire-becomes-third-largest-wildland-fire-in-state-history-decimates-california-town/ https://stetmagazine.com/we-lost-greenville-dixie-fire-becomes-third-largest-wildland-fire-in-state-history-decimates-california-town/#respond Fri, 06 Aug 2021 18:33:44 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/we-lost-greenville-dixie-fire-becomes-third-largest-wildland-fire-in-state-history-decimates-california-town/ On Wednesday, the fire ravaged the small Californian mountain town of Greenville, which Eva Gorman said was a place of community and strong character, where neighbors volunteered to move furniture, colorful flower baskets have brightened up the main street and writers, musicians, mechanics and chicken farmers mingled. Now it’s ashes. As hot, dry and gusty […]]]>

On Wednesday, the fire ravaged the small Californian mountain town of Greenville, which Eva Gorman said was a place of community and strong character, where neighbors volunteered to move furniture, colorful flower baskets have brightened up the main street and writers, musicians, mechanics and chicken farmers mingled.

Now it’s ashes.

As hot, dry and gusty weather hit California, the fire raged through the community of approximately 1,000 people in the Sierra Nevada during the Gold Rush, incinerating much of the town center which included wooden buildings over a century old.

The winds were expected to calm down and change direction before the weekend, but this good news came too late for Gorman.

“It’s just completely devastating. We’ve lost our home, my business, our whole downtown is gone, ”said Gorman, who heeded evacuation warnings and left town with her husband a week and a half ago on the approach. of the Dixie fire.

She managed to snap a few photos on the wall, her favorite jewelry, and some important documents, but couldn’t help but think about the family treasures left behind.

“My grandmother’s dining chairs, my grand aunt’s bed from Italy. There is a photo that I always visualize in my mind of my son when he was 2 years old. He’s 37 now, ”she said. “At first you think, ‘It’s okay, I’ve got the negatives.’ And then you realize, ‘Oh. No, I don’t.

Authorities had yet to estimate how many buildings were destroyed, but Plumas County Sheriff Todd Johns estimated Thursday that “well over” 100 homes had burned down in and near the city.

“My heart is broken over what happened there,” said Johns, a longtime Greenville resident.

Authorities also closed Lassen Volcanic National Park on Thursday due to the explosive forest fire.

About a two-hour drive south, officials said around 100 homes and other buildings burned in the river fire that broke out quickly on Wednesday near Colfax, a town of about 2 000 inhabitants. There was no lockdown and about 6,000 people were ordered to evacuate in Placer and Nevada counties, state fire officials said.

Firefighters inspect a decimated downtown area as the Dixie blaze burns down in Greenville, Calif. On August 4, 2021. On the same day, officials in northern California notified residents of two communities on their way to the city. fire to evacuate immediately as high winds whipped the flames forward. The fire burned down dozens of homes and businesses in Greenville. (Josh Edelson / AFP via Getty Images)

But the Dixie Fire was particularly destructive. It raged Wednesday night in the town of Greenville, in the northern Sierra Nevada. A gas station, hotel, and bar were among many destroyed facilities in the city, which dates back to the era of California’s gold rush and some structures are over a century old.

The blaze exploded Wednesday and Thursday through wood, grass and brush so dry that a fire official described it as “essentially close to combustion”. Dozens of houses had already burned down before the flames made new paths.

No deaths or injuries were reported, but the blaze continued to threaten more than 10,000 homes.

“We lost Greenville tonight,” said US Representative Doug LaMalfa, who represents the region, in a moving video on Facebook Wednesday night. “There are just no words to explain how we in government have not been able to do the job. We are going to fight even harder.”

Firefighters also continue to fight the Fire River near the town of Colfax at the foot of the Sierra. The fire burned dozens of structures on Wednesday and forced thousands of people to take refuge in hastily set up evacuation centers.

“Within minutes it turned into a big plume of white smoke and you started getting alerts from the sheriff’s office, didn’t you?” Said Karen WIlliams, who lived near the place where the river fire started.

The fire moved quickly, she said. Now she and her friend Sandy Mallory are staying in a friend’s campervan and may not be able to get home until August 15.

Claudia Schwendeman lived in the community of Chicago Park, where the River Fire burned houses down on Wednesday. She says she lost her home insurance a few years ago, like many residents of fire-prone areas. Now she’s on a state-backed plan.

“And yes, now I’m playing doubles for less coverage. So it’s tough for everyone, especially the good guys. But when you’re on a fixed income it gets a little tough,” Schwendeman said.

Meanwhile, evacuations continue as the Dixie fire spreads. The north and east sides of the blaze exploded and the Plumas County Sheriff’s Office released a Facebook post warning the town’s 800 or so residents, “[Y]You are in imminent danger and you MUST go now !! “

A similar warning was issued Thursday for residents of another small mountain community, Taylorsville, as the flames moved southeast.

Battalion Commander Sergio Mora watches the Dixie fire burn in downtown Greenville, Calif. On August 4, 2021. On the same day, officials in northern California alerted residents of two communities on the way. from the fire immediately evacuate the strong winds.  whipped the flames forward.  The fire burned down dozens of homes and businesses in Greenville.
Battalion Commander Sergio Mora watches the Dixie fire burn in downtown Greenville, Calif. On August 4, 2021. On the same day, officials in northern California notified residents of two communities on the way. from the fire immediately evacuate the strong winds. whipped the flames forward. The fire burned down dozens of homes and businesses in Greenville. (Josh Edelson / AFP via Getty Images)

To the northwest, teams were protecting houses in the town of Chester. Residents were among thousands on evacuation orders or warnings in several counties, but no injuries or deaths were immediately reported.

Margaret Elysia Garcia, an artist and writer who stayed in Southern California while waiting for the fire to be extinguished, watched a video of her office in downtown Greenville ablaze. The desk contained all the journals she had written in since second grade and a manual edition of a novel on her grandfather’s wheeled desk.

“We are in shock. It’s not that we didn’t think it could happen to us, ”she said. “At the same time, it took our whole city. “

Firefighters had to deal with people reluctant to leave on Wednesday. Their refusals meant firefighters were spending precious time loading people into cars to get them out, said Jake Cagle, head of the incident management operations section.

“We have firefighters shooting guns at them because people don’t want to evacuate,” he said.

The Dixie Fire had consumed about 432,813 acres, according to an estimate released Friday morning. That’s 676 square miles – moving the blaze from the sixth-largest wildfire on record in the state to its third-largest overnight.

The cause of the fire was under investigation, but Pacific Gas & Electric said it may have been triggered when a tree fell on one of the utility’s power lines. No injuries or deaths were reported.

The blaze occurred near the town of Paradise, which was largely destroyed in a 2018 wildfire that became the country’s deadliest in at least a century and was blamed on the PG&E equipment.

Weather and towering clouds of smoke produced by the blaze’s intense and erratic winds on Thursday forced firefighters to struggle to put firefighters into changing hotspots.

“It’s wreaking havoc. The winds change direction on us every few hours, ”said Captain Sergio Arellano, a spokesperson for the fire department.

Ken Donnell left Greenville on Wednesday, believing he would be back after a quick run through a few towns, but was unable to return as the flames spread. All he has now are the clothes on his back and his old van, he said. He’s pretty sure his office and home, along with a bag he had prepared for evacuation, are gone.

Donnell recalled helping victims of the devastating 2018 campfire, in which around 100 friends lost their homes.

“Now I have a thousand friends who lose their homes in a day,” he said.

As of Thursday, the Dixie fire had become the sixth largest in state history, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection said. Four of the other five largest fires in the state occurred in 2020.

Buildings burn as the Dixie Fire rips through downtown Greenville, Calif. On August 4, 2021. On the same day, officials in northern California warned residents of two communities on their way to the fire to evacuate immediately as high winds lashed the flames. . The fire burned down dozens of homes and businesses in Greenville. (Josh Edelson / AFP via Getty Images)

Dozens of houses had already burned down before the flames resumed on Wednesday. The US Forest Service said early reports show firefighters have saved about a quarter of structures in Greenville.

“We did everything we could,” said firefighter spokesman Mitch Matlow. “Sometimes that’s just not enough.”

About 100 miles to the south, officials said between 35 and 40 homes and other buildings burned in the river fire that broke out early Wednesday near Colfax, a town of about 2,000. In a matter of hours, he tore up nearly 4 square miles of dry brush and trees. There was no lockdown and about 6,000 people were ordered to evacuate in Placer and Nevada counties, Cal Fire said.

In Colfax, Jamie Brown had lunch Thursday at a downtown restaurant while waiting to see if his house was still standing.

He evacuated his property near Rollins Lake a day earlier, when “it looked like the whole town was going to burn.” Conditions had calmed down a bit on Thursday and he was hoping for the best.

“I think I’d better have a good breakfast before I lose my house,” he said.

After firefighters made progress earlier this week, high heat, low humidity and gusty winds erupted on Wednesday and are expected to pose a continuing threat.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/we-lost-greenville-dixie-fire-becomes-third-largest-wildland-fire-in-state-history-decimates-california-town/feed/ 0
St. Louis Blues blue line predictions for 2021-22 https://stetmagazine.com/st-louis-blues-blue-line-predictions-for-2021-22/ https://stetmagazine.com/st-louis-blues-blue-line-predictions-for-2021-22/#respond Fri, 06 Aug 2021 14:15:00 +0000 https://stetmagazine.com/st-louis-blues-blue-line-predictions-for-2021-22/ I think it’s fair to say that the St. Louis Blues blue line is the biggest question mark for the 2021-22 season as they’ve lost a good chunk of their defensive group to the team. of the 2018-19 championship. It looks like this season’s blue line hinges entirely on improving players, rather than adding them […]]]>

I think it’s fair to say that the St. Louis Blues blue line is the biggest question mark for the 2021-22 season as they’ve lost a good chunk of their defensive group to the team. of the 2018-19 championship.

It looks like this season’s blue line hinges entirely on improving players, rather than adding them in the summer, although there is still time to do so. This piece takes a look at the pairings themselves, not to be confused with my previous piece in May, which was more of a high-level view of the team’s defensive position.

First pair

LD Torey Krug / RD Justin Faulk

With Justin Faulk emerging as a defensive back rather than the offensive back that he was with the Carolina Hurricanes, this pairing makes more sense than ever before.

Torey Krug is poised for a better offensive season with his second season at St. Louis, although he showed flashes of brilliance at the back in his first season.

Justin Faulk, St. Louis Blues (Photo by Keith Gillett / Icon Sportswire via Getty Images),

One thing that shouldn’t go unnoticed for Faulk is the great teammate and leader he was during the 2020-21 season, and after a lackluster 2019-20 season with the Blues, he has rebounded in several ways. His offensive numbers are expected to increase this season, and playing with a dynamic puck like Krug could help this duo flow.

This pair also have the ability to balance each other’s play, given that last season Faulk scored seven goals while Krug scored two. This should balance out and probably increase for both, especially in high season.

But at the end of the day, the way to protect this pairing is to have a top tier stop pairing, and that starts with finding a good match for Colton Parayko.

Second pair

A free agent / RD Colton Parayko

Maybe I’m still hopeful, but I see a scenario where the Blues find a veteran left-handed defender to play with Parayko. While I think the most likely outcome is betting on a Marco Scandella rebound season with Parayko, I don’t think that’s what they should be doing.

I’m taking risks with this one, but I think Zdeno Chara would be a perfect fit for Parayko, someone who can revitalize his game.

Colton Parayko St. Louis Blues
Colton Parayko, St. Louis Blues (Jess Starr / The Hockey Writers)

It was mentioned that if Chara decides to return to the NHL, the Blues would be a team interested in the services of the 44-year-old. Elliotte Friedman raised the possibility on the “31 Thoughts” podcast.

In typical Friedge fashion, Elliotte suggests that the #stlblues would be interested in Zdeno Chara if he returns for another NHL season. Not a total shock, as he would make a great partner for 55 years without a long term contract. But my God, that would be so weird at the Brodeur level.

The other free agent options on the left side don’t suit as well, as Erik Gustafsson is too much of an attacking defender, while Jack Johnson, Jordie Benn and Ben Hutton have all played poorly in the past two seasons.

The Blues need to find a way to get Parayko back in shape, he was great with Jay Bouwmeester and in the 2019-20 pre-bubble games he and Scandella were great.

I think they’ll probably come back to couple Scandella and Parayko, but I decided to turn things around and see things in a different way.

Third Pair

LD Marco Scandella / RD Robert Bortuzzo

If they bring in a veteran free agent to team up with Parayko, that would likely become the third pair, two veteran players who have a defensive mind. As I mentioned above, Scandella has lost ground since his excellent game following the trade with the Montreal Canadiens.

Marco Scandella St. Louis Blues
Marco Scandella, St. Louis Blues (Jess Starr / The Hockey Writers)

These two guys are defensive defensemen who don’t produce much on offense. I feel like Niko Mikkola or Jake Walman will have the chance to play if Scandella returns in the save pair with Parayko. Mikkola seems to be the most likely candidate, between him and Walman.

These two could complement and improve with more chemistry, but I don’t think the Blues are going down that route.

Overall, defense is the biggest question mark heading into the 2021-22 season, and I don’t think the Blues would hesitate to add a piece over the next few months if they see fit. . Blues general manager Doug Armstrong usually has something up his sleeve, and while it may be a blue line move, time will tell.

Source link

https://stetmagazine.com/st-louis-blues-blue-line-predictions-for-2021-22/feed/ 0